Journal cover Journal topic
Wind Energy Science The interactive open-access journal of the European Academy of Wind Energy
Wind Energ. Sci., 2, 269-283, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research articles
24 May 2017
Wind field reconstruction from nacelle-mounted lidar short-range measurements
Antoine Borraccino1, David Schlipf2, Florian Haizmann2, and Rozenn Wagner1 1DTU Wind Energy, Roskilde, Denmark
2Stuttgart Wind Energy, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
Abstract. Profiling nacelle lidars probe the wind at several heights and several distances upstream of the rotor. The development of such lidar systems is relatively recent, and it is still unclear how to condense the lidar raw measurements into useful wind field characteristics such as speed, direction, vertical and longitudinal gradients (wind shear). In this paper, we demonstrate an innovative method to estimate wind field characteristics using nacelle lidar measurements taken within the induction zone. Model-fitting wind field reconstruction techniques are applied to nacelle lidar measurements taken at multiple distances close to the rotor, where a wind model is combined with a simple induction model. The method allows robust determination of free-stream wind characteristics. The method was applied to experimental data obtained with two different types of nacelle lidar (five-beam Demonstrator and ZephIR Dual Mode). The reconstructed wind speed was within 0.5 % of the wind speed measured with a mast-top-mounted cup anemometer at 2.5 rotor diameters upstream of the turbine. The technique described in this paper overcomes measurement range limitations of the currently available nacelle lidar technology.

Citation: Borraccino, A., Schlipf, D., Haizmann, F., and Wagner, R.: Wind field reconstruction from nacelle-mounted lidar short-range measurements, Wind Energ. Sci., 2, 269-283,, 2017.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
The paper describes an innovative methodology to extract useful wind field estimates from remote sensing instruments – called lidars – mounted on the nacelle of a wind turbine. We used lidar measurements at multiple distances upstream and close to the wind turbine rotor in order to retrieve free-stream wind characteristics. The methodology and the obtained results open new paths to assess the power performance of wind turbines, which is essential to ensure financially viable wind farm projects.
The paper describes an innovative methodology to extract useful wind field estimates from remote...