Volume 3, issue 1 | Copyright
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 25-41, 2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research articles 21 Feb 2018

Research articles | 21 Feb 2018

Decoupled simulations of offshore wind turbines with reduced rotor loads and aerodynamic damping

Sebastian Schafhirt and Michael Muskulus Sebastian Schafhirt and Michael Muskulus
  • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 7491, Norway

Abstract. Decoupled load simulations are a computationally efficient method to perform a dynamic analysis of an offshore wind turbine. Modelling the dynamic interactions between rotor and support structure, especially the damping caused by the rotating rotor, is of importance, since it influences the structural response significantly and has a major impact on estimating fatigue lifetime. Linear damping is usually used for this purpose, but experimentally and analytically derived formulas to calculate an aerodynamic damping ratio often show discrepancies to measurement and simulation data. In this study decoupled simulation methods with reduced and full rotor loads are compared to an integrated simulation. The accuracy of decoupled methods is evaluated and an optimization is performed to obtain aerodynamic damping ratios for different wind speeds that provide the best results with respect to variance and equivalent fatigue loads at distinct output locations. Results show that aerodynamic damping is not linear, but it is possible to match desired output using decoupled models. Moreover, damping ratios obtained from the empirical study suggest that aerodynamic damping increases for higher wind speeds.

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