Journal cover Journal topic
Wind Energy Science The interactive open-access journal of the European Academy of Wind Energy
Journal topic
09 Feb 2016
Long-term research challenges in wind energy – a research agenda by the European Academy of Wind Energy
G. A. M. van Kuik, J. Peinke, R. Nijssen, D. Lekou, J. Mann, J. N. Sørensen, C. Ferreira, J. W. van Wingerden, D. Schlipf, P. Gebraad, H. Polinder, A. Abrahamsen, G. J. W. van Bussel, J. D. Sørensen, P. Tavner, C. L. Bottasso, M. Muskulus, D. Matha, H. J. Lindeboom, S. Degraer, O. Kramer, S. Lehnhoff, M. Sonnenschein, P. E. Sørensen, R. W. Künneke, P. E. Morthorst, and K. Skytte
Wind Energ. Sci., 1, 1–39, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-1-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-1-2016, 2016 | 11,378 views
08 May 2017
Field test of wake steering at an offshore wind farm
Paul Fleming, Jennifer Annoni, Jigar J. Shah, Linpeng Wang, Shreyas Ananthan, Zhijun Zhang, Kyle Hutchings, Peng Wang, Weiguo Chen, and Lin Chen
Wind Energ. Sci., 2, 229–239, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2-229-2017,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2-229-2017, 2017 | 3,813 views
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13 Sep 2016
Estimating the wake deflection downstream of a wind turbine in different atmospheric stabilities: an LES study
Lukas Vollmer, Gerald Steinfeld, Detlev Heinemann, and Martin Kühn
Wind Energ. Sci., 1, 129–141, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-129-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-129-2016, 2016 | 3,510 views
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01 Nov 2018
Analysis of control-oriented wake modeling tools using lidar field results
Jennifer Annoni, Paul Fleming, Andrew Scholbrock, Jason Roadman, Scott Dana, Christiane Adcock, Fernando Porte-Agel, Steffen Raach, Florian Haizmann, and David Schlipf
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 819–831, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-819-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-819-2018, 2018 | 3,493 views
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06 Mar 2018
A control-oriented dynamic wind farm model: WFSim
Sjoerd Boersma, Bart Doekemeijer, Mehdi Vali, Johan Meyers, and Jan-Willem van Wingerden
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 75–95, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-75-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-75-2018, 2018 | 3,398 views
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17 Jan 2018
Extraction of the wake induction and angle of attack on rotating wind turbine blades from PIV and CFD results
Iván Herráez, Elia Daniele, and J. Gerard Schepers
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 1–9, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-1-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-1-2018, 2018 | 3,366 views
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20 May 2019
Initial results from a field campaign of wake steering applied at a commercial wind farm – Part 1
Paul Fleming, Jennifer King, Katherine Dykes, Eric Simley, Jason Roadman, Andrew Scholbrock, Patrick Murphy, Julie K. Lundquist, Patrick Moriarty, Katherine Fleming, Jeroen van Dam, Christopher Bay, Rafael Mudafort, Hector Lopez, Jason Skopek, Michael Scott, Brady Ryan, Charles Guernsey, and Dan Brake
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 273–285, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-273-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-273-2019, 2019 | 3,292 views
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20 May 2019
Power curve and wake analyses of the Vestas multi-rotor demonstrator
Maarten Paul van der Laan, Søren Juhl Andersen, Néstor Ramos García, Nikolas Angelou, Georg Raimund Pirrung, Søren Ott, Mikael Sjöholm, Kim Hylling Sørensen, Julio Xavier Vianna Neto, Mark Kelly, Torben Krogh Mikkelsen, and Gunner Christian Larsen
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 251–271, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-251-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-251-2019, 2019 | 3,238 views
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19 Oct 2018
Extending the life of wind turbine blade leading edges by reducing the tip speed during extreme precipitation events
Jakob Ilsted Bech, Charlotte Bay Hasager, and Christian Bak
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 729–748, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-729-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-729-2018, 2018 | 3,212 views
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01 Jun 2018
Wind tunnel experiments on wind turbine wakes in yaw: effects of inflow turbulence and shear
Jan Bartl, Franz Mühle, Jannik Schottler, Lars Sætran, Joachim Peinke, Muyiwa Adaramola, and Michael Hölling
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 329–343, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-329-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-329-2018, 2018 | 3,130 views
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25 Apr 2018
Ducted wind turbine optimization and sensitivity to rotor position
Nojan Bagheri-Sadeghi, Brian T. Helenbrook, and Kenneth D. Visser
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 221–229, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-221-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-221-2018, 2018 | 3,120 views
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24 Sep 2018
Interannual variability of wind climates and wind turbine annual energy production
Sara C. Pryor, Tristan J. Shepherd, and Rebecca J. Barthelmie
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 651–665, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-651-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-651-2018, 2018 | 2,903 views
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08 Jan 2019
Aerodynamic characterization of a soft kite by in situ flow measurement
Johannes Oehler and Roland Schmehl
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 1–21, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-1-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-1-2019, 2019 | 2,892 views
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14 Mar 2019
An active power control approach for wake-induced load alleviation in a fully developed wind farm boundary layer
Mehdi Vali, Vlaho Petrović, Gerald Steinfeld, Lucy Y. Pao, and Martin Kühn
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 139–161, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-139-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-139-2019, 2019 | 2,882 views
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13 Apr 2018
Assessment of wind turbine component loads under yaw-offset conditions
Rick Damiani, Scott Dana, Jennifer Annoni, Paul Fleming, Jason Roadman, Jeroen van Dam, and Katherine Dykes
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 173–189, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-173-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-173-2018, 2018 | 2,858 views
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03 Apr 2019
Multipoint high-fidelity CFD-based aerodynamic shape optimization of a 10 MW wind turbine
Mads H. Aa. Madsen, Frederik Zahle, Niels N. Sørensen, and Joaquim R. R. A. Martins
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 163–192, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-163-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-163-2019, 2019 | 2,834 views
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14 Mar 2018
Friction torque of wind-turbine pitch bearings – comparison of experimental results with available models
Matthias Stammler, Fabian Schwack, Norbert Bader, Andreas Reuter, and Gerhard Poll
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 97–105, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-97-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-97-2018, 2018 | 2,789 views
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03 Apr 2019
Low-level jets over the North Sea based on ERA5 and observations: together they do better
Peter C. Kalverla, James B. Duncan Jr., Gert-Jan Steeneveld, and Albert A. M. Holtslag
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 193–209, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-193-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-193-2019, 2019 | 2,731 views
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16 Oct 2018
An efficient frequency-domain model for quick load analysis of floating offshore wind turbines
Antonio Pegalajar-Jurado, Michael Borg, and Henrik Bredmose
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 693–712, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-693-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-693-2018, 2018 | 2,697 views
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05 Mar 2019
The aerodynamics of the curled wake: a simplified model in view of flow control
Luis A. Martínez-Tossas, Jennifer Annoni, Paul A. Fleming, and Matthew J. Churchfield
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 127–138, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-127-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-127-2019, 2019 | 2,686 views
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12 Nov 2018
Robust active wake control in consideration of wind direction variability and uncertainty
Andreas Rott, Bart Doekemeijer, Janna Kristina Seifert, Jan-Willem van Wingerden, and Martin Kühn
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 869–882, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-869-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-869-2018, 2018 | 2,663 views
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20 Jun 2019
Wind direction estimation using SCADA data with consensus-based optimization
Jennifer Annoni, Christopher Bay, Kathryn Johnson, Emiliano Dall'Anese, Eliot Quon, Travis Kemper, and Paul Fleming
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 355–368, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-355-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-355-2019, 2019 | 2,658 views
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14 Jun 2018
Determination of optimal wind turbine alignment into the wind and detection of alignment changes with SCADA data
Niko Mittelmeier and Martin Kühn
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 395–408, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-395-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-395-2018, 2018 | 2,651 views
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08 Jun 2018
From lidar scans to roughness maps for wind resource modelling in forested areas
Rogier Floors, Peter Enevoldsen, Neil Davis, Johan Arnqvist, and Ebba Dellwik
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 353–370, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-353-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-353-2018, 2018 | 2,605 views
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13 Apr 2018
On wake modeling, wind-farm gradients, and AEP predictions at the Anholt wind farm
Alfredo Peña, Kurt Schaldemose Hansen, Søren Ott, and Maarten Paul van der Laan
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 191–202, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-191-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-191-2018, 2018 | 2,587 views
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03 Apr 2018
Benefits of subcomponent over full-scale blade testing elaborated on a trailing-edge bond line design validation
Malo Rosemeier, Gregor Basters, and Alexandros Antoniou
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 163–172, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-163-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-163-2018, 2018 | 2,578 views
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30 Jan 2019
Coupled wind turbine design and layout optimization with nonhomogeneous wind turbines
Andrew P. J. Stanley and Andrew Ning
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 99–114, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-99-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-99-2019, 2019 | 2,570 views
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18 Dec 2018
Experimental validation of a ducted wind turbine design strategy
Benjamin Kanya and Kenneth D. Visser
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 919–928, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-919-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-919-2018, 2018 | 2,561 views
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24 May 2018
How does turbulence change approaching a rotor?
Jakob Mann, Alfredo Peña, Niels Troldborg, and Søren J. Andersen
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 293–300, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-293-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-293-2018, 2018 | 2,552 views
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01 Nov 2016
Wind turbine power production and annual energy production depend on atmospheric stability and turbulence
Clara M. St. Martin, Julie K. Lundquist, Andrew Clifton, Gregory S. Poulos, and Scott J. Schreck
Wind Energ. Sci., 1, 221–236, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-221-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-221-2016, 2016 | 2,538 views
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16 Aug 2018
Numerical analyses and optimizations on the flow in the nacelle region of a wind turbine
Pascal Weihing, Tim Wegmann, Thorsten Lutz, Ewald Krämer, Timo Kühn, and Andree Altmikus
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 503–531, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-503-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-503-2018, 2018 | 2,536 views
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22 Jan 2018
Wind farms providing secondary frequency regulation: evaluating the performance of model-based receding horizon control
Carl R. Shapiro, Johan Meyers, Charles Meneveau, and Dennice F. Gayme
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 11–24, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-11-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-11-2018, 2018 | 2,525 views
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14 May 2018
A simulation study demonstrating the importance of large-scale trailing vortices in wake steering
Paul Fleming, Jennifer Annoni, Matthew Churchfield, Luis A. Martinez-Tossas, Kenny Gruchalla, Michael Lawson, and Patrick Moriarty
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 243–255, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-243-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-243-2018, 2018 | 2,523 views
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29 Jan 2019
Wake behavior and control: comparison of LES simulations and wind tunnel measurements
Jiangang Wang, Chengyu Wang, Filippo Campagnolo, and Carlo L. Bottasso
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 71–88, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-71-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-71-2019, 2019 | 2,516 views
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21 Jun 2018
About the suitability of different numerical methods to reproduce model wind turbine measurements in a wind tunnel with a high blockage ratio
Annette Claudia Klein, Sirko Bartholomay, David Marten, Thorsten Lutz, George Pechlivanoglou, Christian Navid Nayeri, Christian Oliver Paschereit, and Ewald Krämer
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 439–460, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-439-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-439-2018, 2018 | 2,513 views
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04 Sep 2018
Large-eddy simulation sensitivities to variations of configuration and forcing parameters in canonical boundary-layer flows for wind energy applications
Jeffrey D. Mirocha, Matthew J. Churchfield, Domingo Muñoz-Esparza, Raj K. Rai, Yan Feng, Branko Kosović, Sue Ellen Haupt, Barbara Brown, Brandon L. Ennis, Caroline Draxl, Javier Sanz Rodrigo, William J. Shaw, Larry K. Berg, Patrick J. Moriarty, Rodman R. Linn, Veerabhadra R. Kotamarthi, Ramesh Balakrishnan, Joel W. Cline, Michael C. Robinson, and Shreyas Ananthan
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 589–613, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-589-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-589-2018, 2018 | 2,513 views
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16 May 2018
Wind tunnel experiments on wind turbine wakes in yaw: redefining the wake width
Jannik Schottler, Jan Bartl, Franz Mühle, Lars Sætran, Joachim Peinke, and Michael Hölling
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 257–273, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-257-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-257-2018, 2018 | 2,495 views
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26 Mar 2018
Application of a Monte Carlo procedure for probabilistic fatigue design of floating offshore wind turbines
Kolja Müller and Po Wen Cheng
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 149–162, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-149-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-149-2018, 2018 | 2,477 views
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05 Nov 2018
Assessing variability of wind speed: comparison and validation of 27 methodologies
Joseph C. Y. Lee, M. Jason Fields, and Julie K. Lundquist
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 845–868, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-845-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-845-2018, 2018 | 2,472 views
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05 Mar 2018
A model for quick load analysis for monopile-type offshore wind turbine substructures
Signe Schløer, Laura Garcia Castillo, Morten Fejerskov, Emanuel Stroescu, and Henrik Bredmose
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 57–73, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-57-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-57-2018, 2018 | 2,467 views
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17 May 2018
System identification, fuzzy control and simulation of a kite power system with fixed tether length
Tarek N. Dief, Uwe Fechner, Roland Schmehl, Shigeo Yoshida, Amr M. M. Ismaiel, and Amr M. Halawa
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 275–291, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-275-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-275-2018, 2018 | 2,452 views
24 Jan 2019
Automatic measurement and characterization of the dynamic properties of tethered membrane wings
Jan Hummel, Dietmar Göhlich, and Roland Schmehl
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 41–55, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-41-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-41-2019, 2019 | 2,448 views
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23 Aug 2018
A systematic approach to offshore wind turbine jacket predesign and optimization: geometry, cost, and surrogate structural code check models
Jan Häfele, Rick R. Damiani, Ryan N. King, Cristian G. Gebhardt, and Raimund Rolfes
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 553–572, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-553-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-553-2018, 2018 | 2,440 views
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10 Oct 2018
Does the wind turbine wake follow the topography? A multi-lidar study in complex terrain
Robert Menke, Nikola Vasiljević, Kurt S. Hansen, Andrea N. Hahmann, and Jakob Mann
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 681–691, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-681-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-681-2018, 2018 | 2,433 views
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16 Nov 2018
Blind test comparison on the wake behind a yawed wind turbine
Franz Mühle, Jannik Schottler, Jan Bartl, Romain Futrzynski, Steve Evans, Luca Bernini, Paolo Schito, Martín Draper, Andrés Guggeri, Elektra Kleusberg, Dan S. Henningson, Michael Hölling, Joachim Peinke, Muyiwa S. Adaramola, and Lars Sætran
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 883–903, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-883-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-883-2018, 2018 | 2,361 views
24 Oct 2018
From wind to loads: wind turbine site-specific load estimation with surrogate models trained on high-fidelity load databases
Nikolay Dimitrov, Mark C. Kelly, Andrea Vignaroli, and Jacob Berg
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 767–790, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-767-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-767-2018, 2018 | 2,355 views
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24 Oct 2018
Online model calibration for a simplified LES model in pursuit of real-time closed-loop wind farm control
Bart M. Doekemeijer, Sjoerd Boersma, Lucy Y. Pao, Torben Knudsen, and Jan-Willem van Wingerden
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 749–765, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-749-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-749-2018, 2018 | 2,340 views
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02 Nov 2018
Do wind turbines pose roll hazards to light aircraft?
Jessica M. Tomaszewski, Julie K. Lundquist, Matthew J. Churchfield, and Patrick J. Moriarty
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 833–843, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-833-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-833-2018, 2018 | 2,309 views
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31 May 2018
Very short-term forecast of near-coastal flow using scanning lidars
Laura Valldecabres, Alfredo Peña, Michael Courtney, Lueder von Bremen, and Martin Kühn
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 313–327, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-313-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-313-2018, 2018 | 2,293 views
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18 Jun 2018
Towards practical dynamic induction control of wind farms: analysis of optimally controlled wind-farm boundary layers and sinusoidal induction control of first-row turbines
Wim Munters and Johan Meyers
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 409–425, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-409-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-409-2018, 2018 | 2,270 views
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